Saturday, October 6, 2012

Measuring Head

After the height of the water behind the proposed dam or diversion has been decided, it is necessary to measure the head of water that will result. To determine the difference in level between two points, set a surveyor’s level about midway between the points. Have an assistant hold a surveyor’s rod at one point, sight through the level and record the height reading on the rod. Move the rod to the second point and read. The difference of the readings is the difference in elevation of the two points.

Often it is impossible to see the two points from a single setting of the level so rods must be read at intermediate or turning points. The differences in readings between each pair of points can be added together to calculate the total elevation drop from the dam or diversion.

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